The UK’s Brexit Options in the Eurozone Landscape – Visualized
Brexit? The Eurozone? The European Economic Area? The European Free-Trade Area? The European Customs Union? Whaaat? Brexit Explained
A graphic that hopefully clarifies the complex structure of the European Union and the UK’s various routes and options for Brexit.
For ongoing clarification, we recommend the excellent TLDR NEWS on YouTube.
UPDATE: 27th Sep 2020:Pared down the diagram to the last 2 remaining options: deal or no deal. Visualized and explained the agreed Northern Ireland solution. Added the two major negotiation sticking points.
UPDATE: 13th Jun 2019: Updated likelihoods again. Rewrote “Backstop Brexit” description in light of Theresa May’s departure. (see this version)
UPDATE: 26th Feb 2019: Updated likelihoods again for Soft Brexit, Second Referendum, No Deal, Delay Brexit. Updated Japan trade deal (now complete).
UPDATE: 30th Jan 2019: Updated likelihoods.
UPDATE: 29th Jan 2019: Now in video explainer form.
UPDATE: 16th Jan 2018: Prime Minister Teresa May’s deal defeated in Parliament causes a simultaneous narrowing and opening of the options. Added Delay Brexit and likelihoods. (previous version)
UPDATE: 17th Dec 2018: Things getting complicated. Added Norwegian Plus, 2nd Referendum, Managed No Deal, and Backstop Brexit to the maelstrom.
UPDATE: 15th July 2018: The saga continues. The UK announces its ideas for a “common rulebook” and “facilitated customs arrangement”, effectively a ‘soft’ Brexit.
Hard Brexit ministers resign.
UPDATE 3rd July 2017: It’s getting complicated! Added 2 more Brexit routes. See the first version.
UPDATE 1st AUG 2017: Detailed UK opposition party Labour’s positions. Refined ‘Free Trade Brexit’ & typical negotiation times (from here). Clarified a key difference between EEA (good & services) & Customs Unions (just goods). Read a useful, clarifying article
UPDATE 28th AUG 2017: UK opposition party, Labour, has now consolidated under a “soft Brexit” position.
Originally inspired by this Bloomberg graphic.